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Birds and wind energy use

Project title: Birds and wind energy use: best practice examples and planning approaches for conflict resolution

Focus

  • The prohibition of killing under species protection law in the context of approval procedures for wind turbines
  • Planning and methodological approaches to collision risk assessment
  • Examples and approaches from German federal states and planning practice
  • Directions and recommendations on significance assessment and exemption regulations under species protection law

Contact

Bosch & Partner GmbH
Kirchhofstr. 2c, D-44623 Herne
Dr.-Ing. Katrin Wulfert
k.wulfert(at)avoid-unrequested-mailsboschpartner.de

Funding

FKZ 3519 86 1000
Departmental Research Plan 2019
Term: 01.10.2019 – 31.07.2021

 

Appropriately addressing the requirements of nature conservation at all planning levels is of great importance for any renewable energy expansion project. To this end, the project analyses selected issues in connection with the prediction, assessment and management of species protection conflicts in approval procedures, presents successful examples and analyses feasible paths for planning and approval procedures.

Appropriately addressing the requirements of nature conservation at all planning levels is an elementary component of every project for the expansion of renewable energies and a particular professional challenge. This applies in particular in view of the necessary legally compliant implementation of European and German species protection law. Against this background, the management of species protection conflicts/problems in the context of wind energy use, in particular with the prohibition of killing and injury of specially protected species in accordance with Section 44 (1) of the Federal Nature Conservation Act, BNatschG, are to be the focus of the project's considerations. The project therefore analyses selected issues in connection with the prediction, assessment and management of conflicts under species protection law in approval procedures for wind energy projects. It is intended to present best practice examples from German federal states and from planning practice and, with an analysis of planning and methodological instruments, to point out feasible ways of dealing with the prohibition of killing and the granting of exemptions from the species protection law in planning and approval procedures.

Methods

Currently available methodological approaches for assessing the "significantly increased risk of killing" are to be recorded and systematised. Based on the evaluation of the different approaches, they are to be assessed from a legal, nature conservation and planning perspective. Existing deficits are to be identified and best practice examples to be highlighted.

Furthermore, the technical and legal prerequisites for a possible species protection exemption procedure (Section 45 of the Federal Nature Conservation Act, BNatschG) are to be analysed in a differentiated manner. In this context, the various exemption requirements are to be examined and concrete requirements for their implementation are to be formulated with regard to wind turbines.

REsults

Wulfert, K., Köstermeyer, H., Lau, M., Fischer, S., Kostelnik, I., Schöne-Warnefeld, J., Weber, J. (2022): Vögel und Windenergienutzung: Best Practice-Beispiele und planerische Ansätze zur Konfliktlösung. BfN-Schriften 634, 2022

Download (in German only)

 

 

Work packages

Work packages

  1. Compilation of legal and technical criteria for determining the significance of killing risks as well as analysis and evaluation of existing approaches.
  2. Analysis of the framework conditions for the legal and technical requirements for any species protection exemption procedures for the planning and approval of wind turbines.
  3. Development of requirements and recommendations

Project partners

Project partners

Project management

Bosch & Partner GmbH
Kirchhofstr. 2c, D-44623 Herne
Dr.-Ing. Katrin Wulfert
k.wulfert(at)avoid-unrequested-mailsboschpartner.de

Project partners

RAe Füßer & Kollegen
Martin-Luther-Ring 12, D-04109 Leipzig
Dr Marcus Lau
lau(at)avoid-unrequested-mailsfuesser.de

Simon & Widdig GbR
Luise-Berthold-Str. 24, D-35037 Marburg
Heiko Köstermeyer
heiko.koestermeyer(at)avoid-unrequested-mailssimon-widdig.de

Funding authority

Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)
Dirk Bernotat,
Dirk.Bernotat(at)avoid-unrequested-mailsBfN.de

Kathrin Ammermann
Kathrin.Ammermann(at)avoid-unrequested-mailsBfN.de

 

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