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Progressive biofuels

Project title: Nature conservation and progressive biofuels

Focus

  • Biofuels from biomass raw materials
  • Effects of progressive biofuel pathways on nature conservation interests
  • Developing criteria to take account of nature conservation interests

Contact

Institute for Applied Ecology (Öko-Institut)
Energy and Climate Protection
Schicklerstr. 5-7, 10179 Berlin
Dr. Hannes Böttcher
Tel.: +49 30 405085-389
h.boettcher(at)avoid-unrequested-mailsoeko.de

Funding

FKZ 3516 82 2800
Departmental research plan 2016
Term: 01.12.2016 – 31.07.2019

The EU is targeting future funding at biofuels from raw materials, which are expected to have fewer negative effects on land use than conventional biofuels e.g. from rape, cereals or palm oil. The main focus of the project is to analyse and evaluate the effects of these "progressive" biofuel pathways on the interests of nature conservation and to develop criteria to take these interests into account.

Project aims

There are limits to the increased use of biomass for energy and material use. Besides biophysical limits there are also competition for use and conflicting aims, e.g. in the context of an environmentally compatible land use that reduces biomass potential. What are referred to as progressive biofuels are those that come from biomass raw materials associated with lower negative effects on land use change processes than "conventional" biofuels (e.g. made from rape, cereals or palm oil), in other words obtained from e.g. wastes or residues (see Part A of Annex IX of the Renewable Energy Directive – RED). The aim of the study is to fully clarify the future relevance of progressive biofuels, potential effects on the interests of nature conservation and criteria to reduce the negative effects. This needs to take account of various political aims and the technical and economic development trends.

Methods

The project first undertakes an analysis and evaluation of the effects of the progressive biofuel pathways on nature conservation interests, concentrating primarily on the effect on biodiversity. An analysis of the different modes of action of the new biofuel pathways on nature conservation will also be carried out. This analysis will form the basis for developing criteria for taking proper account of nature conservation interests.

Results

Hannes Böttcher, Klaus Hennenberg, Katja Hünecke, Horst Fehrenbach, Nils Rettenmaier, Mascha Bischoff, Judith Reise: Naturschutz und fortschrittliche Biokraftstoffe, Bonn 2020

(BfN-Skripten 580)

 

In-Depth Analysis Published by the Institute for Applied Ecology (Öko-Institut)

Analysis of the RED 2009, the iLUC Directive 2015 and the 2016 RED proposal regarding implications for nature protection

Analyse zukünftiger relevanter fortschrittlicher Biokraftstoffpfade (in German)

Vertiefungsstudie landwirtschaftliche Reststoffe (in German)

Vertiefungsstudie forstwirtschaftliche Biomasse (in German)

 

Further Publications

Klaus Josef Hennenberg, Hannes Böttcher, Corey J. A. Bradshaw, "Revised European Union renewable-energy policies erode nature protection", Nature Ecology & Evolution | VOL 2 | OCTOBER 2018 | 1519–1520 (https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0659-3)

Work packages

Work packages

  1. Evaluating proven biomass potentials with a focus on progressive biofuels
  2. Relevant future progressive biofuel pathways
  3. Effects of the increased use of progressive biofuel pathways on nature conservation interests
  4. More detailed studies on relevant progressive biofuel pathways
  5. Legal and political framework for protecting nature conservation interests
  6. Recommendations for the further development of the RED and deriving recommendations for action
  7. Workshops

Project partners

Project partners

Project management

Institute for Applied Ecology (Öko-Institut)
Energy and Climate Protection
Schicklerstr. 5-7, 10179 Berlin
Dr. Hannes Böttcher
Tel.: +49 30 405085-389
h.boettcher(at)avoid-unrequested-mailsoeko.de

Project partners

ifeu - Institut für Energie- und Umweltforschung Heidelberg gGmbH
Wilckensstr. 3
D-69120 Heidelberg
Horst Fehrenbach
Tel.: +49 6221 47 670
horst.fehrenbach(at)avoid-unrequested-mailsifeu.de

Funding authority

Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN)
FG II 4.3 Nature conservation and renewable energies
Alte Messe 6, 04103 Leipzig
Katharina Schilling
Tel.: +49 341 30977 172
Katharina.Schilling(at)avoid-unrequested-mailsBfN.de

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